PHOENIX - BENU
THE FIRE BIRD
Many civilizations spin the take of a mythological 'fire bird' that burns itself in the flames - then is reborn from the ashes beginning a new cycle of time. The Phoenix is a female mythologcial bird symbolizing immortality, resurrection and life after death. She is associated with the sun. She is said burn herself after a certain number of years in a cycle then is reborn from her ashes.
In ancient Egyptian mythology she is associated with the sun god. She is called Benu. Its Egyptian name is Benu means as much as the Ascending One.
The Bennu bird was an imaginary bird resembling a heron. It had a two long feathers on the crest of it's head and was often crowned with the Atef crown of Osiris (the White Crown with two ostrich plumes on either side) or with the disk of the sun. This name apparently was being associated during the earlier periods of Egyptian history with various birds: the crane, the heron, the stork or the flamingo. Later it was more clearly identified with the heron. She was a kind of primordial god, which built its nest on the willow which is on the top of the primordial hill. The deities Re (Ra) - and Atum were akin to the symbolic meaning of the phoenix. Because of its birdlike nature, the phoenix was called ba of Re- the soul of Re. The soul was believed to be a birdlike spiritual being. As a deity of creation and life it was also associated with Osiris. The phoenix was called the famous ba, which came out of the heart of Osiris. There was a connection to the deity Kepera (the scarab-god), the Lord of Life and Death. The phoenix supposedly burns itself in his nest on the hill (sunset) and is being reborn the next morning. The hill is being located on the Flaming Isle of Re in the East, where the sun rises. At Koptos in Egypt, the Bennu bird is depicted with two human arms stretched upwards and outwards toward the star Sothis - Sirius , which appears in the early sky before the sun rises.
The Phoenix/Bennu bird is said to arise 'at dawn from the waters of the Nile'. It is linked with summer. The Bennu was the sacred bird of Heliopolis. Bennu probably derives from the word weben, meaning "rise" or "shine." The Bennu was associated with the sun and represented the ba or soul of the sun god, Re. In the Late Period, the hieroglyph of the bird was used to represent this deity directly. As a symbol of the rising and setting sun, the Bennu was also the lord of the royaljubilee. The Bennu was also associated with the inundation of the Nile and of the creation. Standing alone on isolated rocks of islands of high ground during the floods the heron represented the first life to appear on the primeval mound which rose from the watery chaos at the first creation. This mound was called the ben-ben. The Bennu was also considered a manifestation of the resurrected Osiris and the bird was often shown pirched in his sacred willow tree.
"To those who can dream there is no such place as faraway."
A device invented as a primitive steam engine by the Greek engineer Hero, about the time of the birth of Christ, is used today as a rotating lawn sprinkler.